Deep-Time Morphological Evolution
Determining the causes and drivers of evolutionary dynamics is central to our understanding of life on Earth. What factors shaped the modern biota? Why did some groups go extinct, whilst others survived and radiated? Why are some groups so much more diverse than others? What will happen to organisms as the Earth continues to warm up? Many of these questions have inspired scientists for centuries, with foundational work in developmental biology, comparative anatomy, palaeontology, and geology providing provocative hypotheses that still influence current research on organismal evolution. New sources of data, however, from recent advances in molecular biology, computing, and imaging, as well as increasingly sophisticated quantitative methods, have provided unprecedented ability to test these hypotheses rigorously. In my lab, we conduct cutting-edge analyses of morphological rates and disparity in a phylogenetic framework to reconstruct the tempo and mode of evolution through deep time with complex, multivariate data on phenotype. Ranging from cladistic (discrete) data analyses of basal placental mammals to body size analyses ranging from carnivorans to sloths to basal placentals to to ongoing 3-D surface morphometric analyes across all tetrapods, we take advantage of new developments in data collection and analysis, as well as developing new methods, to robustly reconstruct the morphologicl evolution of diversity. We further use these tools to understand the drivers of morphological evolution, including ecological correlates of morphology, functional effects of morphological change, exctinction selectivity, and adaptive radiations.
R.N. Felice and A. Goswami. 2017. Developmental origins of mosaic evolution in the avian cranium. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 115: 555-560.
M. Randau & A. Goswami. 2018. Shape covariation (or the lack thereof) between vertebrae and other skeletal traits in felids: the whole is not always greater than the sum of parts. Evolutionary Biology, in press (published online)
T. Davies, M. Bell, A. Goswami, and T.J.D. Halliday. 2017. Completeness of the eutherian mammal fossil record and implications for reconstructing mammal evolution through the Cretaceous/Paleogene mass extinction. Paleobiology, 43 (4), 521-536 .
M. Randau and A. Goswami. 2017. Morphological modularity in the vertebral column of Felidae (Mammalia, Carnivora). BMC Evolutionary Biology 17, 133
M. Randau and A. Goswami. 2017. Unravelling intra-vertebral integration, modularity and disparity in Felidae (Mammalia). Evolution & Development, 19: 85-95
A. Cuff, A. Goswami, and J.R. Hutchinson. 2017. Reconstruction of the musculoskeletal system in an extinct lion. Palaeontologia Electronica, 20 (2), 1-25.
M Randau, AR Cuff, JR Hutchinson, SE Pierce, A Goswami. 2016. Regional differentiation of felid vertebral column evolution: a study of 3D shape trajectories. Organisms, Diversity, and Evolution, 17, 305-319.
T.J.D. Halliday and A. Goswami. 2016. The impact of dating method on interpreting continuous trait evolution: eutherian body size evolution at the Cretaceous-Palaeogene mass extinction. Biology Letters, 12 (8), 20160051.
T.J.D. Halliday, P. Upchurch, and A. Goswami. 2016. Eutherians experience elevated evolutionary rates in the immediate aftermath of the Cretaceous-Palaeogene mass extinction. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283 (1833), 20153026.
A. Goswami, M. Randau, P.D. Polly, V. Weisbecker, C. V. Bennett, L. Hautier, and M.R. Sanchez-Villagra. 2016. Do high integration and developmental constraints limit the evolution of the marsupial cranium? Integrative and Comparative Biology, 56: 404-414.
M Randau, A Goswami, JR Hutchinson, AR Cuff, SE Pierce. 2016. Cryptic complexity in felid vertebral evolution: shape differentiation and allometry of the axial skeleton. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 178: 183-202.
A. Goswami, M.J. Benton, and P.D. Mannion. 2016. Radiations and Extinctions: Investigating Clade Dynamics in Deep Time. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 118, 6-12.
T.J.D. Halliday and A. Goswami. 2016. Eutherian morphological disparity across the end-Cretaceous mass extinction. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 118,152–168.
M. Dumont, C.E. Wall, A. Goswami, S. Peigné, and A.C. Fabre. 2015. Do functional demands associated with locomotor habitat, diet, and activity pattern drive skull shape evolution in musteloid carnivorans? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 117,858–878.
K.E. Jones, J. B. Smaers, and A. Goswami. 2015. Impact of the Terrestrial-Aquatic Transition on Disparity and Rates of Evolution in the Carnivoran Skull. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 15 (1): 8.
A.R. Cuff, M. Randau, J. Head, J.R. Hutchinson, S.E. Pierce, and A. Goswami. 2015. Big cat, small cat: Reconstructing body size evolution in living and extinct Felidae. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 28: 1516-1525.
A.-C. Fabre, R. Cornette, A. Goswami, and S. Peigné. 2015. Do constraints associated with the locomotor habitat drive the evolution of forelimb shape? A case study in musteloid carnivorans. Journal of Anatomy, 226: 596-610.
A. Goswami, J.B. Smaers, C. Soligo, and P.D. Polly. 2014. The macroevolutionary consequences of phenotypic integration. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B, 369: 20130254.
E. Newham, R. Benson, P. Upchurch, and A. Goswami. 2014. Mesozoic mammaliaform diversity: the effect of sampling corrections on reconstructions of evolutionary dynamics. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 412: 32-44.
S. Raj Pant, A. Goswami, and J.A. Finarelli. 2014. Complex body size trends in the evolution of sloths (Xenarthra: Pilosa). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 14: 184.
R. Benson, R. Frigot, A. Goswami, B. Andres, and R. Butler. 2014. Competition and constraint drove Cope's rule in the evolution of giant flying reptiles. Nature Communications, 5: 3657.
P. Mannion, P. Upchurch, R.J.B. Benson, and A. Goswami. 2014. The latitudinal biodiversity gradient through deep time. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29: 42-50.
A.-C. Fabre, R. Cornette, A. Perrard, D. Boyer, G.V.R. Prasad, J. Hooker, A. Goswami. 2014. A three-dimensional morphometric analysis of the locomotory ecology of Deccanolestes, a eutherian mammal from the late Cretaceous of India. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34: 146-156.
V. Weisbecker and A. Goswami. 2014. Reassessing the relationship between brain size, life history, and metabolism at the marsupial/placental dichotomy. Zoological Science, 31: 608-612.
C.V. Bennett and A. Goswami. 2013. Statistical support for the hypothesis of developmental constraint in marsupial skull evolution. BMC Biology, 11, 1: 52.
P.D. Polly, A.M. Lawing, A.-C. Fabre, A. Goswami. 2013. Phylogenetic principal component analysis and geometric morphometrics. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy, 24, 1: 9
T.J.D. Halliday, A. Goswami. 2013. Testing the inhibitory cascade model in Mesozoic and Cenozoic mammaliaforms. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13, 1: 79.
A.-C. Fabre, R. Cornette, S. Peigné, A. Goswami. 2013. Influence of body mass on the shape of forelimb in musteloid carnivorans. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 110: 91-103
J.A. Finarelli and A. Goswami. 2013. Potential pitfalls of reconstructing deep time evolutionary history with only extant data, a case study using the Canidae (Mammalia, Carnivora). Evolution, 67: 3678-3685.
M. Pittman, S.M. Gatesy, P. Upchurch, A. Goswami, J.R. Hutchinson. 2013. Shake a Tail Feather: The evolution of the theropod tail into a stiff aerodynamic surface. PLOS ONE, 8, 5: e63115.
A.-C. Fabre, R. Cornette, G. Slater, C. Argot, S. Peigné, A. Goswami, E. Pouydebat. 2013. Getting a grip on the evolution of grasping in musteloid carnivorans: a three‐dimensional analysis of forelimb shape. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 26: 1521-1535.
K.E. Jones, C.B. Ruff, A. Goswami. 2013. Morphology and biomechanics of the pinniped jaw: mandibular evolution without mastication. The Anatomical Record, 296: 1049-1063.
C.V. Bennett and A. Goswami. 2012. Morphometric analysis of cranial shape in fossil and recent Euprimates. In Primate Evolutionary Morphology. Anatomy Research International special issue, 478903, 7 p.
A. Goswami, P.D. Polly, O. Mock, and M.R. Sánchez-Villagra. 2012. Shape, variance and integration during craniogenesis: contrasting marsupial and placental mammals. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25: 862-872.
R.B.J. Benson, P.D. Mannion, R.J. Butler, P. Upchurch, A. Goswami, S. Evans. 2012. Cretaceous tetrapod fossil record sampling and faunal turnover: implications for biogeography and the rise of modern clades. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 372: 88-107.
J.B.Smaers, D.K.N. Dechmann, A. Goswami, C. Soligo, K. Safi. 2012. Comparative analyses of evolutionary rates reveals different pathways to encephalization in bats, carnivorans, and primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, 109: 18006-18011.
A. Goswami, N. Milne, and S. Wroe. 2011. Biting through constraints: cranial morphology, disparity, and convergence across living and fossil carnivorous mammals. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences, 278: 1831-1839. Supplementary Files.
V. Weisbecker and A. Goswami. 2011. Neonatal maturity as the key to understanding brain size evolution in homeothermic vertebrates. Bioessays, 33: 155-158.
V. Weisbecker and A. Goswami. 2011. Marsupials indeed confirm an ancestral mammalian pattern: a reply to Isler. Bioessays, 33: 358-361.
L. McInnes, W. Baker, T. Barraclough, K. Dasmahapatra, A. Goswami, L.J. Harmon, H. Morlon, A. Purvis, J. Rosindell, G.H. Thomas, S.T. Turvey, and A.B. Phillimore. 2011. Integrating ecology into macroevolutionary research. Biology Letters, 7:644-646.
K. Jones and A. Goswami. 2010. Quantitative analysis of phylogenetic and ecological influences on otariid and phocid pinniped (Mammalia; Carnivora) cranial morphology. Journal of Zoology, 280: 297-308.
A. Goswami and P.D. Polly. 2010. The influence of modularity on cranial morphological disparity in Carnivora and Primates (Mammalia). PLoSOne, 5(3):e9517.
V. Weisbecker and A. Goswami. 2010. Brain size, life history, and metabolism at the marsupial/placental dichotomy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 107: 16216-16221. Supplemental Information
K. Jones and A. Goswami. 2010. Morphometric analysis of cranial shape in pinnipeds (Mammalia, Carnivora): convergence, ecology, ontogeny, and dimorphism. In Carnivoran Evolution: New Views on Phylogeny, Form, and Function (A. Goswami and A. Friscia, eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 342-373.
A. Goswami and P.D. Polly. 2010. The influence of character correlations of phylogenetic analyses: a case study of the carnivoran cranium. In Carnivoran Evolution: New Views on Phylogeny, Form, and Function (A. Goswami and A. Friscia, eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 141-164.
J. Finarelli and A. Goswami. 2009. The evolution of orbit orientation and encephalization in the Carnivora (Mammalia). Journal of Anatomy, 214: 671-678.
R. J. Butler and A. Goswami. 2008. Body size evolution in Mesozoic birds: little evidence for Cope’s rule. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 21: 1673–1682.
K.E. Sears, A. Goswami, J. J. Flynn, and L. Niswander. 2007. The correlated evolution of Runx2 tandem repeats and facial length in Carnivora. Evolution and Development, 9(6): 555-565.